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Por: EurLex
22/02/2021

 Eur Lex

 

 

 

Name

Identifying information

Reasons

Date of listing

‘37.

Remigio CEBALLOS ICHASO

Date of birth: 1 May 1963

ID-number: V-6557495

Gender: male

Commander of the Operational and Strategic Command of the Bolivarian National Armed Forces of Venezuela (Comando Estratégico Operacional Fuerzas Armadas Nacionales Bolivarianas (CEOFANB)), the highest organ in the Venezuelan Armed Forces, since June 2017. CEOFANB controls the Bolivarian National Armed Forces (FANB) and the Bolivarian National Guard. CEOFANB is also responsible for coordinating FANB interventions in demonstrations.

In his position as commander of CEOFANB responsible for serious human rights violations, including the use of excessive force and inhuman and degrading treatment by officials of the FANB and by subordinate forces under his command, including the Bolivarian National Guard. Various sources, including the Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, attribute human rights violations to FANB and the Bolivarian National Guard.

22.2.2021

38.

Omar José PRIETO FERNÁNDEZ

Date of birth: 25 May 1969

ID number: V-9761075

Gender: male

Governor of Zulia State since December 2017. In this position he has undermined democracy and the rule of law in Zulia State. He was sworn in by the non-recognised National Constituent Assembly (ANC), after the legitimate winner of the election refused to be sworn in by the ANC. Omar José Prieto Fernández actively promoted the non-democratic elections for the National Assembly which took place on 6 December 2020. Moreover, in Zulia State he threatened opposition leaders with “house visits” and stated to declare Zulia State independent should an interim government lead by Juan Guaidó assume power.

22.2.2021

39.

José Dionisio BRITO RODRÍGUEZ

Date of birth: 15 January 1971

ID-number: V-8263861

Gender: male

Member of the non-democratically elected National Assembly and chair of the parliamentary commission that investigates the “actions perpetrated against the Republic” by members of the National Assembly elected in 2015. Furthermore, José Dionisio Brito Rodríguez illegitimately assumed leadership over opposition party Primero Justicia, due to a decision of the Supreme Court in June 2020. In 2019, he was expelled from Primero Justicia over corruption allegations. Moreover, as a member of the National Assembly, he participated in the illegitimate election of Luis Eduardo Parra Rivero as the President of the National Assembly on 5 January 2020, thereby undermining democracy and the rule of law in Venezuela. The election took place while entry of several parliamentarians to the premises of the National Assembly was blocked by military police, and without a quorum being reached. Therefore opposition members had to organise themselves outside of the premises of the National Assembly to re-elect Juan Guaidó as its President. His actions have therefore undermined democracy and the rule of law in Venezuela.

22.2.2021

40.

José Bernabé GUTIÉRREZ PARRA

Date of birth: 21 December 1952

ID-number: V-1565144

Gender: male

Member of the non-democratically elected National Assembly and illegitimate leader of opposition party Acción Democrática. José Bernabé Gutiérrez Parra gained illegitimate control over opposition party Acción Democrática in June 2020 via a ruling of the Supreme Court. In contravention of the party’s position prior to his take over, Gutiérrez Parra participated with Acción Democrática in the non-democratic elections of the National Assembly which took place on 6 December 2020. Gutiérrez Parra changed the position of the party, used its symbols and participated in the elections and public events such as televised debates. Gutiérrez Parra was expelled from the party by legitimate Acción Democrática members who called his actions conspiracy and betrayal. His actions have therefore undermined democracy and the rule of law in Venezuela.

22.2.2021

41.

Luis Fernando DAMIANI BUSTILLOS

Date of birth: 27 April 1946

Gender: male

Judge of the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court (Tribunal Supremo de Justicia (TSJ)). As a member of the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court, he is responsible for actions, statements and rulings that have usurped the constitutional powers of the National Assembly and undermined the opposition’s electoral rights including the unilateral appointment by the Supreme Court of the National Electoral Council (Consejo Nacional Electoral (CNE)) in June 2020 and the suspension and unilateral replacement of the leadership of three of the main democratic opposition parties in June and July 2020. His actions have therefore undermined democracy and the rule of law in Venezuela, and he has supported and facilitated the undermining of democracy and the rule of law by the executive’s branch.

22.2.2021

42.

Lourdes Benicia SUÁREZ ANDERSON

Date of birth: 7 March 1965

Gender: female

Judge of the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court (Tribunal Supremo de Justicia (TSJ)). As a member of the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court, she is responsible for actions, statements and rulings that have usurped the constitutional powers of the National Assembly and undermined the opposition’s electoral rights including the unilateral appointment by the Supreme Court of the National Electoral Council (Consejo Nacional Electoral (CNE)) in June 2020 and the suspension and unilateral replacement of the leadership of three of the main democratic opposition parties in June and July 2020. Her actions have therefore undermined democracy and the rule of law in Venezuela, and she has supported and facilitated the undermining of democracy and the rule of law by the executive’s branch.

22.2.2021

43.

Calixto Antonio ORTEGA RÍOS

Date of birth: 12 October 1950

Gender: male

Judge of the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court (Tribunal Supremo de Justicia (TSJ)). As a member of the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court, he is responsible for actions, statements and rulings that have usurped the constitutional powers of the National Assembly and undermined the opposition’s electoral rights including the unilateral appointment by the Supreme Court of the National Electoral Council (Consejo Nacional Electoral (CNE)) in June 2020 and the suspension and unilateral replacement of the leadership of three of the main democratic opposition parties in June and July 2020. His actions have therefore undermined democracy and the rule of law in Venezuela, and he has supported and facilitated the undermining of democracy and the rule of law by the executive’s branch.

22.2.2021

44.

René Alberto DEGRAVES ALMARZA

Gender: male

Judge of the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court (Tribunal Supremo de Justicia (TSJ)). As a member of the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court, he is responsible for actions, statements and rulings that have usurped the constitutional powers of the National Assembly and undermined the opposition’s electoral rights including the unilateral appointment by the Supreme Court of the National Electoral Council (Consejo Nacional Electoral (CNE)) in June 2020 and the suspension and unilateral replacement of the leadership of three of the main democratic opposition parties in June and July 2020. His actions have therefore undermined democracy and the rule of law in Venezuela, and he has supported and facilitated the undermining of democracy and the rule of law by the executive’s branch.

22.2.2021

45.

Arcadio DELGADO ROSALES

Date of birth: 23 September 1954

Gender: male

Judge and Vice-President of the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court (Tribunal Supremo de Justicia (TSJ)). As a member of the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court, he is responsible for actions, statements and rulings that have usurped the constitutional powers of the National Assembly and undermined the opposition’s electoral rights including the unilateral appointment by the Supreme Court of the National Electoral Council (Consejo Nacional Electoral (CNE)) in June 2020 and the suspension and unilateral replacement of the leadership of three of the main democratic opposition parties in June and July 2020. His actions have therefore undermined democracy and the rule of law in Venezuela, and he has supported and facilitated the undermining of democracy and the rule of law by the executive’s branch.

22.2.2021

46.

Carmen Auxiliadora ZULETA DE MERCHÁN

Date of birth: 13 December 1947

Gender: female

Judge of the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court (Tribunal Supremo de Justicia (TSJ)). As a member of the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court, she is responsible for actions, statements and rulings that have usurped the constitutional powers of the National Assembly and undermined the opposition’s electoral rights including the unilateral appointment by the Supreme Court of the National Electoral Council (Consejo Nacional Electoral (CNE)) in June 2020 and the suspension and unilateral replacement of the leadership of three of the main democratic opposition parties in June and July 2020. Her actions have therefore undermined democracy and the rule of law in Venezuela, and she has supported and facilitated the undermining of democracy and the rule of law by the executive’s branch.

22.2.2021

47.

Indira Maira ALFONZO IZAGUIRRE

Date of birth: 29 April 1968

Place of birth: La Guaira (La Guaira State, Venezuela)

ID-number: V-6978710

Gender: female

Chairwoman of the National Electoral Council (Consejo Nacional Electoral (CNE)) since 13 June 2020. Former member of the Electoral Chamber and Plenary Chamber of the Supreme Court (Tribunal Supremo de Justicia (TSJ)), Second Vice-Chairwoman of the TSJ from 2015 until 24 February 2017, Vice-Chairwoman of the TSJ from 24 February 2017 until 12 June 2020. As member of the Electoral Chamber of the TSJ, Indira Maira Alfonzo Izaguirre is responsible for the actions taken against the then newly-elected National Assembly in December 2015, resulting in the impossibility for the National Assembly to exert its legislative power. Moreover, she accepted her appointment as the chairwoman of the CNE in June 2020 by the TSJ although this prerogative belongs to the National Assembly. In this role she prepared and supervised the non-democratic elections of the National Assembly held on 6 December 2020 and participated in the change of 30 June 2020 to the electoral norms for these elections. Her actions have therefore undermined democracy and the rule of law in Venezuela.

22.2.2021

48.

Leonardo Enrique MORALES POLEO

Gender: male

Vice President of the National Electoral Council (Consejo Nacional Electoral (CNE)) since 7 August 2020 and President of the Political Participation and Financing Commission.

Leonardo Enrique Morales Poleo was appointed Vice President of the CNE and President of the Political Participation and Financing Commission on 7 August 2020 by the Supreme Court (Tribunal Supremo de Justicia (TSJ)) although this prerogative belongs to the National Assembly. Moreover, just prior before his appointment he served in the Advanced Progressive Party (Avanzada progresista). As member of the CNE, he fully took part in the supervision of the electoral process that led to the non-democratic elections of the National Assembly on 6 December 2020. His actions have therefore undermined democracy and the rule of law in Venezuela.

22.2.2021

49.

Tania D’AMELIO CARDIET

Date of birth: 5 December 1971

Place of birth: Italy

Nationality: Venezuelan

ID-number: V-11691429

Gender: female

Member (Rector) of the National Electoral Council (Consejo Nacional Electoral (CNE)) for the period 2016-2023. Former Member (Rector) of the CNE for the period 2010-2016.

Tania d’Amelio Cardiet, as rector of the CNE since 2010, contributed directly by her activity in her functions to the undermining of the democracy and the rule of law in Venezuela, including by preparing the non-democratic 2020 National Assembly elections, participating in the change of 30 June 2020 to the electoral norms for these elections, and participating in the organization and execution of the 2018 presidential elections. Moreover, d’Amelio Cardiet accepted her 2016 appointment at the CNE by the Supreme Court (Tribunal Supremo de Justicia (TSJ)), although this prerogative belongs to the National Assembly.

22.2.2021

50.

José Miguel DOMÍNGUEZ RAMÍREZ

Date of birth: 17 October 1979

ID-number: V-14444352

Gender: male

Director of the Special Action Forces (Fuerzas de Acciones Especiales (FAES)) since 6 May 2019. Former Chief Commissioner of the FAES in Táchira State. Additionally, José Miguel Domínguez Ramírez was the Director of Operations of the FAES, which fall within Venezuela’s Bolivarian National Police. Responsible for serious human rights violations and repressing of civil society and democratic opposition in Venezuela committed by FAES officials under his authority. The FAES are known for extrajudicial killings and their violent role in suppressing dissent from Maduro’s political opponents, the opposition, and protesters, which is why the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet has demanded the dissolution of the FAES. Moreover, previously, Domínguez Ramírez was a member of the Venezuelan security team that opened fire on unarmed student protestors on 12 February 2014, resulting in the death of at least one of the students, Bassil Da Costa.

22.2.2021

51.

Carlos Ramón Enrique CARVALLO GUEVARA

ID-number: V-10132041

Gender: male

Division General, and Deputy Director of the Directorate-General of Military Counter-Intelligence (Dirección General de Contrainteligencia Militar (DGCIM)) since 21 August 2020. Successor of General Rafael Ramón Blanco Marrero. Previously, Carlos Ramón Enrique Carvallo Guevara served for the DGCIM in Los Andes region, and held upper ranks position in the Bolivarian National Guard. Responsible for serious human rights violations in Venezuela committed by DGCIM officials under his command. In the recently published findings of the Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, DGCIM is characterized as an institution directly responsible for carrying out severe human rights violations.

22.2.2021

52.

Jesús Emilio VÁSQUEZ QUINTERO

ID-number: V-7422049

Gender: male

Division General since 5 July 2019 and Attorney General of the Military Prosecutor’s Office since December 2017. As Attorney General of the Military Prosecutor’s Office responsible for undermining democracy and the rule of law in Venezuela. The Military Prosecutor’s Office has been linked to internal judicial prosecution in the Armed Forces, and failures to investigate incidents, including the case of the death of captain Acosta in 2019. Moreover, military justice is being applied to civilians.

22.2.2021

53.

Carlos Enrique TERÁN HURTADO

ID-number: V-8042567

Gender: male

Brigadier General since 5 July 2019 and head of the Special Directorate of Criminal Investigation of the Directorate-General of Military Counter-Intelligence (Dirección General de Contrainteligencia Militar (DGCIM)) since 2019. In previous functions, Brigadier General Carlos Enrique Terán Hurtado served as head of the police in Falcón state and head of DGCIM in Táchira state. Responsible for serious human rights violations, including cruel and inhumane treatment of detainees, committed by DGCIM officials under his command. In the detailed findings of the Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, Brigadier General Terán Hurtado is specifically pointed out as one of the responsible actors, and is linked to the captain de la Sotta case.

22.2.2021

54.

Manuel Eduardo PÉREZ URDANETA

Date of birth: 29 December 1960 or 26 May 1962

Place of birth: Cagua, State of Aragua

ID-number: V-6357038

Passport number: 001234503 (expired 2012)

Gender: male

Deputy Minister of the Interior and Justice since 7 April 2015. Within the Venezuelan Ministry of the Interior and Justice, Brigadier General Manuel Eduardo Pérez Urdaneta ranks as one of five Deputy Ministers. His portfolio encompasses Preventive Security and Public Safety (Viceministro de prevención y Seguridad Ciudadana). Previously, Brigadier General Pérez served as Director of the Bolivarian National Police. In this role responsible for serious human rights violations, including the use of severe physical force against peaceful protesters, committed by officials of the Bolivarian National Police under his authority.

22.2.2021

55.

Douglas Arnoldo RICO GONZÁLEZ

Date of birth: 28 September 1969

ID-number: V-6864238

Gender: male

Director of the Scientific, Penal, and Criminal Investigation Corps (Cuerpo de Investigaciones Científicas, Penales y Criminalísticas (CICPC)) since 5 February 2016. Before, he acted as CICPC deputy director. Responsible for serious human rights violations, by CICPC officials under his authority. The report of the Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela characterizes CICPC as an institution that commits systematic human rights violations in Venezuela.

22.2.2021’

 

 

 

https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=uriserv%3AOJ.LI.2021.060.01.0001.01.ENG&toc=OJ%3AL%3A2021%3A060I%3ATOC

 

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